Risks and Harms of Implementing this Recommendation
While older age is associated with higher failure rates and poorer patient reported outcomes, age alone should not be used as a contraindication for rotator cuff repair, as failure to heal is related to multiple features. Older patients should be counseled that they would be at increased risk for failure and poorer outcomes than younger patients who undergo rotator cuff repair.
Degenerative rotator cuff disease is a phenomenon of aging, yet there is great variability in this phenomenon. Future research is needed to distinguish chronological age from physiologic age, and healing will likely improve when age related changes to the rotator cuff are better understood and manipulated.
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