One moderate strength study by Bernard 2004 evaluated the presence of fever and persistent drainage against the confirmed infections of positive culture in 230 patients undergoing revision joint surgery. Fever had a sensitivity of 0.53 and specificity of 0.90, and persistent drainage had a sensitivity of 0.53 and specificity of 0.90.
- Bernard,L., Lubbeke,A., Stern,R., Bru,J.P., Feron,J.M., Peyramond,D., Denormandie,P., Arvieux,C., Chirouze,C., Perronne,C., Hoffmeyer,P. Value of preoperative investigations in diagnosing prosthetic joint infection: retrospective cohort study and literature review. Scand.J Infect.Dis 2004; 6: 410-416
- Pons,M., Angles,F., Sanchez,C., Matamala,A., Cuchi,E., Salavert,M., Forcada,P., Ferrer,H. Infected total hip arthroplasty--the value of intraoperative histology. Int Orthop 1999; 1: 34-36