Potential Benefits of Implementation
The benefits of a neuromuscular training program implementation as part of a sports competition regime include a reduced risk of sustaining a sports related ACL injury.
Potential Harms of Implementation
No studies reported a significant increase in injury in those who participate in a neuromuscular training program for ACL injury prevention.
Future research from multi-site studies utilizing a standardized neuromuscular training program with large populations of high-risk athletes is recommended to further establish efficacy. In addition, there is a need to investigate methods to optimize protocols (i.e., exercise modality), improve delivery and instruction (i.e., training feedback) and improve coach and athlete compliance. Lastly, a majority of the studies included adolescent and adult female soccer, basketball, volleyball and handball players. Future research that includes other high risk sports as well as male athletes is warranted to expand the generalizability of these results.
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